Monumental Architecture And Sculpture

Question 1: Monumental Architecture and Sculpture

The cultures we studied this week produced architecture and monumental sculpture, in addition to smaller works of art. Locate three examples of architecture or monumental sculpture from three different cultures listed here: India, China, Japan, Korea, or the Pacific Cultures.

First, completely identify each structure or sculpture you would like to discuss by listing its name, date, and location.

In a minimum of 3 well-developed paragraphs address the following questions:

Who created each work of architecture or sculpture? Who commissioned its creation?
What historical events or social or cultural influences affected the creation of each work?
How do the visual characteristics of each work contribute to or enhance its message or meaning?
How do the reasons these works were created compare with those of a more modern example of monumental art work, such as Mount Rushmore, the 9/11 Memorial, etc.?
Be sure to explain your ideas clearly and support them by discussing specific details about each work of architecture or monumental sculpture.

Question 2: The Function of Art Objects

Some of the art objects created by the cultures surveyed this week, whether African masks, Japanese tea bowls, or Micronesian navigational charts, served functional roles in their society. Locate three such objects, one each from the following: Asia, Africa, or the Pacific Cultures.

First, completely identify each object you would like to discuss by listing its name, date, and location.

In a minimum of 2 well-developed paragraphs discuss:

What was the function of each object at the time of its creation?
What historical events or social or cultural influences affected the creation of each work?
How do the visual characteristics of each object contribute to or enhance our understanding of its meaning?
Be sure to explain your ideas clearly and support them by discussing specific details about each work.

Respond to both questions as thoroughly as possible, making sure to use information from the readings and the lectures. All responses should be in complete sentence form, using proper spelling and grammar.
Taj Mahal complex

LUNA VASAHI, MANDAPA CEILING

Mount Abu, India. 1230.

Greetings students! One of the places we are exploring this week is the Forbidden City in China. This is an amazing architectural example and often when we simply view pictures of it we miss out on how these structures shape and influence the space in and around them. You might what to explore it a bit more and there are some terrific web sites that do a great job walking you through this amazing place. One of my favorites is: http://www.travelchinaguide.com/cityguides/beijing/forbidden.htmand the UNESCO site: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/439. The Smithsonian Institute also has an amazing video:http://www.smithsonianchannel.com/site/sn/show.do?series=735

I also wanted to give you a quick tip for this discussion question. Make sure your example(s) for 2c is drawn from one of the cultures we are studying this week, e.g. India, China, Korea, or Japan.

Ni Zan THE RONGXI STUDIO

Yuan dynasty, 1372. Hanging scroll with ink on paper, height 29⅜″ (74.6 cm). National Palace Museum, Taibei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

TECHNIQUE The Secret of Porcelain

Dragons have featured prominently in Chinese folklore from earliest times

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