1Davis points out that one paradox in the standard theory of whistle-blowing is that: aWhistle-blowe

1Davis points out that one paradox in the standard theory of whistle-blowing is that:

aWhistle-blowers are also employees of the company and have connections to more than just the company and the law

bWhistle-blowers are not merely good Samaritans

cWhistle-blowers can only stretch the word “harm” from the standard theory so far

dWhistle-blowers do not generally prevent much “harm“

eAll of the above are true

2Testing the case of __________ shows that the standard theory is __________

aEnron, correct

bGeneral Motors and the Corvair, wrong

cthe Challenger explosion, flawed

dthe Berlin Wall, supported

eNone of the above

3As quoted in Duska’s article, Bowie claims that whistle-blowing violates:

aAn employee’s right to privacy

bAn employee’s loyalty to his or her employer

cDavis’s third paradox

dThe golden rule

eAll of the above

4Duska makes distinctions among how many types of philosophical camps regarding the proper object of loyalty?





eNone of the above

5Duska’s main conclusion is that:

aOne can only be loyal to an individual, not to a group

bBusinesses are like teams

cThe goal of business is to make a profit

dWhistle-blowing is an act of disloyalty

eWhistle-blowing is NOT an act of disloyalty

6What does Duska mean when he says that a company is an instrument, not an end in itself?

aIt’s created to earn profit, and it doesn’t have value in itself, like a person does

bIt’s created to earn profit, so it deserves the loyalty of people who share the profit

cIt’s created by people, so it deserves the same respect given to people

dIt’s created with the goal of human fulfillment, so it has elevated moral status

eIt’s created with the goal of human fulfillment, so it has lowered moral status

7As quoted by Soles, Royce would say that the thing to which one is loyal must be:


bAn idea

cExternal and objective

dTrue and present

eOne’s company

8If we conceive of loyalty according to the idealist account, then what follows according to Soles?

aNo one will ever be loyal

bInstances of loyalty will be few and far between

cFew things will be worthy of loyalty

dA higher divorce rate will occur

eAll of the above

9What is the problem with the theory Soles calls “loyalties as norms”?

aIt demands unreasonable amounts of loyalty to employers

bIt says that employees do not have to be loyal to employers

cIt makes loyalty a moral standard

dIt is not helpful in providing moral guidance about loyalty

eIt would not allow for whistle-blowing

10According to the minimalist theory, what would you need to do to be loyal to your employer?

aPerform the duties of your job to the best of your ability

bFeel affection and respect for your employer

cVote in ways representing the employer’s interest

dAvoid purchasing products from the employer’s competitor

11According to Randels, what is the relationship between loyalty and self-interest?

aIn a capitalist economy, self-interest is the only option

bLoyalty requires acting against your own self-interest

cOrganizations and people who are interested in profit cannot also be loyal

dThe loyal person’s self-interest is linked to the organization’s interests

eNeither loyalty nor self-interest is appropriate for an employee

12Randels thinks that a company can be deserving of loyalty, if it becomes more like:

aA family

bA team

cAn instrument

dA religion

eA community

13In Ariely’s study, which of these factors changed people’s cheating behavior?

aHow much money they were offered

bWhen they were responsible for paying themselves

cWhen they had to recite the Ten Commandments before the test

dWhether test subjects were religious or atheist

eAll of the above changed cheating behavior in Ariely’s tests

14According to Ariely, why were people more willing to take the Coke than the money?

aBecause it is easier to cheat when cash is not involved

bBecause the Coke was not worth much money

cBecause they believed they would get caught stealing money

dBecause they believed the punishment would be less for stealing a Coke

eBecause they did not have to reflect on their moral standards in the Coke test

15What is Ariely’s point about Enron leaders?

aWe need to make sure their punishment is sufficiently severe

bThey realized what they were doing was crazy

cThey were dealing with money, which made it easier to cheat

dCheating became part of the social norm, so “everyone was doing it“

eEnron employees were bad apples

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