Please Do Early

Morbidity and mortality are the two demographic phenomena most commonly studied in epidemiology. These two phenomena allow us to view disease trends and associated changes over time.

Discuss morbidity and mortality in terms of how you would use them in developing prevention strategies aimed at increasing attention to disease and decreasing adverse health outcomes. Which phenomenon is better to study to develop preventive strategies? Why?

Submit the paper to the Submissions Area by the due date  assigned.

Legal and Ethical Scenarios

Select two of the scenarios provided below. Analyze the facts in the scenarios and develop appropriate arguments and recommendations using case law and scholarly sources. Do not copy the case studies into the paper. Cite your sources in APA format on a separate page. Submit the paper to the Submissions Area by the due date  assigned.

Scenario 1:  Consideration and Capacity

Lucinda is on her way home to Grand Rapids, Michigan, from boarding school in Lansing Michigan   to celebrate her 17th birthday with family.  Lucinda’s car has a flat tire in an ice storm and skids into a ditch.  Lucinda is able to walk to the nearest house where an elderly couple offers her food and shelter until her car can be fixed.  Two days later, the snowplows cleared the road, the car is pulled out of ditch, the tire is repaired, and Lucinda is on her way home.  Lucinda’s mother, Louise, is so appreciative of the couple’s care for her daughter that she sends them an email promising to pay $500 to help cover the expenses.  Living on a fixed income, the elderly couple accepts the offer by return email.  Lucinda and her mother get into an argument and Louise refuses to pay couple. 

  • Can the couple hold Louise liable in contract for the services provided to Lucinda? Provide arguments for the parties, determine the outcome and support your answer with scholarly material.

Scenario 2: Types of Contracts

Dr. Brown was an adjunct instructor North State University (NSU) in Michigan.  Each semester, near the beginning of each term, the parties executed a written contract that always included the following provision: “The parties acknowledge that this agreement may be cancelled by NSU or the instructor at any time before the first class session.”  In the spring semester of Brown’s  sixth year, he filed a complaint with NSU claiming that one of his students, Sylvia Davis, had engaged in inappropriate and disruptive classroom conduct.  Brown gave her an “incomplete” grade and asked NSU to require her to apologize as a condition of receiving a final grade.  NSU claimed, and Brown denied, that he was told to assign Davis a grade if he wanted to teach in the fall.  Toward the end of the semester, Brown was told which classes he would teach in the fall, but the parties did not sign a written contract.  The Wednesday before classes began, NSU terminated him.  Brown filed a suit against NSU and others, alleging breach of contract. 

  • Did the parties have a contract?
  •  If so, what type of contract did they have.
  • Did NSU breach it?  Explain. 

Scenario 3:  Agreement

Walker Honda, an automobile dealership that sold new cars, leased several properties from Commercial One, a leasing company.  One day, a fire destroyed part of one of the leased buildings and Walker restored the premises.  Commercial One received payment of insurance proceeds for the fire.  Walker sued Commercial One to recover the insurance proceeds.  Then days before the trial started, Commercial One served Walker a document titled “Offer to Compromise Before Trial,” which was a settlement offer of $120,000.  Walker agreed to the amount of the settlement but made it contingent on the execution of a new lease.  The next day, Commercial One notified Walker that they were revoking the settlement offer.  Walker thereafter tried to accept the original settlement offer.

  • Has there been a settlement of the lawsuit? Explain

Submission Details:

  • Submit your Microsoft Word document, using APA style.
  • Name your document SU_BUS1038_W4_LastName_FirstInitial.doc
  • Submit your document to the Submissions Area by the due date assigned.

In-text citations included

Reflect on the various theoretical perspectives that attempt to explain the existence of gangs and reasons for gang membership.

WEEK2 DISCUSSION
Discussion: •Review Chapter 5 of your course text, Drugs, Gangs, and Organized Crime. Reflect on the various theoretical perspectives that attempt to explain the existence of gangs and reasons for gang membership.
•Review the website, “Which Kids Join Gangs? A Genetic Explanation.” Consider the evidence that supports a genetic basis for gang membership.
•Review Chapter 10 of your course text, Drugs, Gangs, and Organized Crime. Reflect on the theories used to explain organized crime.
•Select two criminal theories that can be applied to both gangs and organized crime groups to use for this assignment.
With these thoughts in mind:
Post a brief description of the two theories you selected. Then explain how each theory accounts for both gangs and organized crime groups. Be specific and use examples to illustrate your explanation.
NEXT YOU WILL LABEL THE SECOND PART:WEEK2 DISCUSSION2
To prepare for this Discussion: •Review Chapter 5 of your course text, Drugs, Gangs, and Organized Crime. Reflect on the various theoretical perspectives that attempt to explain the existence of gangs and reasons for gang membership.
•Review the website, “Which Kids Join Gangs? A Genetic Explanation.” Consider the evidence that supports a genetic basis for gang membership.
•Review Chapter 10 of your course text, Drugs, Gangs, and Organized Crime. Reflect on the theories used to explain organized crime.
•Select two criminal theories that can be applied to both gangs and organized crime groups to use for this assignment.
With these thoughts in mind:
Post a brief description of the two theories you selected. Then explain how each theory accounts for both gangs and organized crime groups. Be specific and use examples to illustrate your explanation

What motivates us

Discussion question and responses
Cecelia L week 3

What motivates us? Do we motivate ourselves? Do things motivate us? Are we motivated by power, wealth, or fame? The answers to these type of questions can help determine if we are intrinsically or extrinsically motivated. If we are an intrinsically motivated person, we do our job, learn new things, seek order, acceptance, and seek autonomy because we want to do these things. If we are an extrinsically motivated person, we may do things because we want a reward or because we want to please someone. In organizational behavior, intrinsic motivation is more desirable. People are more inherently focused on intrinsic growth motivation as opposed to external because intrinsic goals offer a healthier self-satisfying existence through autonomy, relatedness, and competence (Vansteenkiste & Lens, 2006; Fowler, 2014). Vansteenkiste and Lens (2006) found accomplishment of intrinsic goals stimulated more profound learning of the material, both short-term and long-term. Intrinsic goals lead to task identity.

Maslow’s concept of self-actualization is at the top of his needs theory which could be pondered as a path to intrinsic goals and motivation. As each need is met, higher order needs become emergent such as the self-actualization concept (Winston, 2016). Maslow says it is an interpersonal human relationship of safety, love, belongingness, feeling of worth and self-esteem (Maslow, 1987) that appears intrinsic.

Contingency theory could also meet the needs of employees of intrinsic or extrinsic motivational needs and goals. With contingency theory, the manager uses the type of management theory that will push for the best result based on the individual employee. Since not all theories work in all situations, the best management practice or style is contingent on the circumstance which could work agreeably in dealing with motivation.

Concerning the hiring of the American worker who is more intrinsically motivated than extrinsically, Prendergast (2008), discusses a great point which is for a “theory of intrinsic motivation to be useful, firms must have some control over it” (p. 201). She explains with an example of a social worker who is highly motivated to the point of ignoring costs. If the firm is not in control, costs may get out of check very quickly. Prendergast adds into her conclusion a novel idea; if money doesn’t motivate, then maybe preferences could be an alternative (Prendergast, 2008).

Fowler, S. (2014). What Maslow’s hierarchy won’t tell you about motivation. Harvard Business Review, Motivating People. https://hbr.org/2014/11/what-maslows-hierarchy-wont-tell0you0about-motivation.

Luthans, F. (1973). The contingency theory of management. A path out of the jungle. Business Horizons, 16(3), 67.

Prendergast, C. (2008). Work incentive, motivation, and identity, intrinsic motivation and and incentives. American Economic Review, 98(2), 201-205. http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257 /aer.98.2.201

Vansteenkiste, M. & Lens, W. (2006). Intrinsic verses extrinsic goal contents in self-determination theory: Another look at the quality of academic motivation. Educational Psychologist, 41(1), 19-31. doi:10.1207/s15326985ep4101_4

Winston, C. N. (2016). An existential-humanistic-positive theory of human motivation. The humanistic Psychologist, 44(2), 142-163.

Utilize at least 4 scholarly sources in support of your recommendations

Business Analytics Implementation Plan

Data Driven Decision Making MGT334

Module 3 Assignment 2: LASA 1—Business Analytics Implementation Plan Part 1

In learning about BA, you have covered quite a few topics from the manager’s decision-making process to technology integration. The best way to pull all of this knowledge together is to create a BA implementation plan for a hypothetical organization. This is something you would do in a real-life scenario if you came across an organization that does not utilize BA; as a professional, you would create the plan and then present it to management.

Description of LASA

In this assignment, you will create a business analytics implementation plan. The plan will consist of explaining business analytics to management, addressing the advantages and disadvantages of business analytics, the challenges of utilizing business analytics, along with a backup plan in case management does not accept the first option.

Scenario

You have been hired as a business analyst for a well-known design firm. Currently, they utilize technology for their day-to-day operations but not to analyze data to help with making business decisions. Your task is to convince management that the usage of business analytics would be a great benefit to the business and it would help the business to make well-informed decisions and thus action plans that would align with the business’s strategic planning.

The firm currently has technology in place but does not have any connected systems. The databases are all independent of each other but they do utilize a client/server environment. The firm currently has one location and it is looking to add a second location in another part of the state, but is unsure as to whether it would be beneficial to the firm.

Instructions

Using the Argosy University online library resources and the Internet, research business analytics implementation plans. Select at least 4 scholarly sources for use in this assignment.

Write a proposal in which you explain the importance of using business analytics. Objectives of proposals:

1. Describe the business and provide a summary of the business analytics they could apply to their business in multiple scenarios.

2. Describe the benefits and disadvantages of business analytics, as well as how the organization can be proactive in addressing any disadvantages. Include at least 3 benefits and disadvantages.

3. Address any challenges the organization may face using business analytics, as well as how the organization can be proactive in addressing the challenges. Be sure to address at least 3 challenges.

4. Propose three business analytic techniques. Compare them and discuss at least two benefits and disadvantages of each.

5. Create an implementation plan to integrate business analytics into your organization.

6. Create a backup proposal in case management does not approve your initial proposal. The backup proposal should have at least 3 changes different from the original plan.

Write the paper from the perspective that it will be presented to management of the firm and you are trying to persuade them to utilize business analytics for data-driven decision making.

The paper has to contain the following:

· Cover Page

· Table of Contents (auto-generated by MS Word)

· Introduction

· Implementation Plan (5–6 pages of content)

· Conclusion

· References

Utilize at least 4 scholarly sources in support of your recommendations.

Make sure you write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in appropriate and accurate representation and attribution of sources; display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

Write a 10–12-page proposal in Word format. This page total should include the Cover Page, Table of Contents, Introduction, Implementation plan, Conclusion, and references. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M3_A2.doc.

By the due date assigned, deliver your assignment to the Submissions Area.

Assignment Components Proficient Maximum Points
Describe the business and provide a summary of business analytics. A clear summary of business analytics and how it is applied towards the business scenario is given. 16
Describe the benefits and disadvantages of business analytics, as well as how the organization can be proactive in addressing any disadvantages. At least 2 appropriate benefits and disadvantages of business analytics are fully articulated towards the business scenario. Strategies are described to address any disadvantages the organization may encounter 24
Address any challenges the organization may face using business analytics, as well as how the organization can be proactive in facing the challenges. A full description of at least 3 challenges that may happen while utilizing business analytics and how the organization will address those challenges. 16
Compare three business analytic techniques. At least two benefits and challenges of each technique are clearly stated. 20
Create an implementation plan to integrate business analytics into your organization. A clear and concise implementation plan to present to management as to how to implement or integrate business analytics into the organization is created 64
Create a backup proposal in case management does not approve your initial proposal. A clear and concise backup plan with at least 3 changes from the original plan in case management does not accept first proposal is created. 20
Academic Writing  
Organization (12) Usage and Mechanics (12) APA Elements (16) Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in appropriate and accurate representation and attribution of sources; and displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation. APA format was used. Use of scholarly sources aligns with specified assignment requirements 40
Total:   200

Nursing(Genetics?and?Epidemiology)

Description
Genetics?and?Epidemiology
Pick?one?friend?or?family?member?and?gather?their?family?health?history.?Pick?one?possible?genetic?risk?for
disease?in?that?person?and?provide?the?following:
?Gender,?age
?Genetic?risk?for?a?specific?disease
?Define?the?disease
?Evidence?to?link?risk?to?development
?Identify?if?genetics?is?confounded?or?linked?to?any?other?epidemiological?risk?factors?for?disease?development
that?might?be?modified?in?this?patient.

The ratings aroused to influence promotions and salary adjustments the employees and also as a criterion for assigning further rating for them.

Case Study

B.R Investments is a reputed finance company having 15 branches in different part of the country. In the home office there are more than 200 employees. This company has a performance rating under which the employees are rated at six months intervals by a committee of two executives. Graphic scales have been used as means of appraisal. The qualities considered are responsibility, initiative, and interest in work, leadership potential, co-operative attitude and community activity. After the performance is evaluated, the ratings are discussed with the concerned employees by their immediate boss who counsels them. The ratings aroused to influence promotions and salary adjustments the employees and also as a criterion for assigning further rating for them.

Recently three employees of the company called on the company’s president to express their dissatisfaction with the ratings they had received. Their scores and composite ratings had been discussed with them. Because their ratings were comparatively low, they had been denied annual increments in salary. Approximately, two thirds of all the employees received such increments. The aggrieved employees argued that their ratings did not accurately represent their qualifications or performance. They insisted that “community activity” was not actually a part of their job and that what they do off the job is none of the company’s business. They expressed their opinion that employees should organize union and insist that salary increase be automatic.

The threat of a union caused concern to the officers of the company. This particular experience convinced the top officers that ratings may represent a serious hazard to satisfactory relationship with employees. Even the chief executive finds that performance appraisal is a dangerous source of friction and its hazards outweigh its values; so it should be discontinued altogether.

Questions:

1. How far do you agree with the management that performance appraisal should be discontinued? 

2. If you were the HR manager, how would you tackle the situation?

3. What modifications would you suggest in the performance appraisal system of the company?

Supply Chains

Objective: Write an essay to examine the impact of applying a systems thinking approach to supply chain management

Introduction: In this essay, you will synthesize your learning from this lesson by exploring the methodology of systems thinking in relation to global supply chain management. You will identify some of the values, risks and challenges associated with global supply chain management and describe how a systems thinking approach can minimize the risks and challenges. You will also examine the impact of global sourcing on a manufacturing environment and how it creates value for an organization but can also cause issues. Your essay will also describe the concept of partnerships in a supply chain and explore how these partnerships can both help or hinder operational performance. Lastly, you will discuss how customers, both internal and external, play a role in the supply chain system and why it is vital to an organization’s success to ensure that their needs are consistently met.

Deliverables: The essay for this lesson is required to be a minimum of 750 words that clearly demonstrate your understanding of the activity. Essays should have a clear introduction, thesis statement and conclusion, written in APA format (APAstyle.org). A minimum of three sources must be cited in-text and in the Reference list.

Activity Details:

Step 1: Read the following questions and use what you have learned about this lesson’s objective to summarize your responses.

***ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS

-What is systems thinking and how does it relate to global supply chain management?

-What are the values, risks and challenges associated with global supply chain management, and how can a systems thinking approach minimize the risks and challenges?

-How does global sourcing impact a manufacturing environment and how does it create value for the organization?

-How can partnerships enhance the performance of a supply chain?

-How do customers, both internal and external, play a role in the supply chain system, and why is it vital to an organization’s success to ensure that their needs are consistently met?

Step 2: Write a paper.
Please review the essay rubric prior to proceeding. Write a paper that includes responses to the questions in Step 1. Use these writing guidelines:Include a cover page and references in addition to your required word count. Use correct APA format. Double-space text. Use size 12 Times New Roman. Use section headings to organize. (optional) Indent paragraphs. Include in-text citations. Use correct spelling, grammar, sentence structure and verb tense.

Elements of a successful implementation plan

Describe the elements of a successful implementation plan. Discuss how you would insure these elements were communicated to the key stakeholder for the implementation plan.

The study indicates that the black males are more likely to be involved in football division one than other ethnic groups (Gatmen, 2011)

Revision work

COLLEGE ATHLETICS 1

COLLEGE ATHLETICS 7

College Athletics

Student’s Name:

Institutional Affiliation:

Introduction

Victoria Jackson argues that athletics in colleges reflect racism because black students spend a lot of their times competing for the school compared to white students. The colleges receive money for their participation, but the participants are unpaid for the time spent in competitions instead of studying. Colleges should balance between education and sports to ensure that students have adequate time to for academics and sports. The study is based on a research conducted by Gatmen E.J.P. in 2011 on academic exploitation. I agree with Jackson that athletics in colleges have become the 21st century Jack Crow laws. The study analyzes racial exploitation of black college students in the United States.

Methods

The article by Gatmen E.J.P (2011) focuses on the racial economic exploitation of black students in American colleges. The data was collected from NCAA to find out the number of African American players (Gatmen, 2011). In addition, the data was collected from 1999 to 2010 to find out the number of football players in division 1 football according to their ethnicity (Gatmen, 2011). The collected information is categorized into men from different ethnic groups who participate in football. The ethnic groups included in the study are American Indian, Asian/native/Pacific Islander, Black, Hispanic, and White (Gatmen, 2011).

Results of the Study

The study indicates that the black males are more likely to be involved in football division one than other ethnic groups (Gatmen, 2011). The result shows that the number of African American men involved in football division 1 increased from 9,711 in 1999 to 12,058 while the number of whites decreased from 12,619 to 11,971 over the same period (Gatmen, 2011). According to the study, women from two or more races were involved in football from 2007 but in a small number. Success in athletics is a symbol of success for African American community. The study shows that even if the colleges admit the blacks to improve the performance in sports, male blacks are culturally attracted to sports at a young age.

The author argues that African Americans vies sports as one of the ways to escape poverty (Gatmen, 2011). Therefore, overemphasis in sports has negatively affected the black students’ commitment to academics. However, there is a low probability of student-athlete joining professional sports. The study shows that only 3.1% of male high school students who join NCAA (Gatmen, 2011). Out of these, only 1.2% of NCAA players advance to professional playing. The study also shows that only 0.03% of high schools play become professional players (Gatmen, 2011). On the other hand, only 0.07% of men soccer player from high school teams becomes professionals (Gatmen, 2011). The results show that there are low chances of black students succeeding to become professional players.

Discussion

College students who engage in sports for many hours in a day than studying perform poorly in academics. In addition, colleges exploit black sportsmen and women by failing to compensate them for their time spent in games (Kerr, 2018). Consequently, white students benefit more from the education from the education system than the black students do. The colleges are making huge sums of money in games at the expense of the black students (Kerr, 2018). According to Jackson, the institutions of higher learning have developed a billion dollar industry by exploiting the minority students. The study also shows that a small number of black students graduates from, colleges. Many are unable to complete their studies because they dedicated most of their time to sports. The study found out that African American students spend a minimum of 50 hours week on sports without any compensation. Unfortunately, very few students continue to play professionally after completing or dropping out of school (Jackson, 2018). At the University of California, only 2.8% of African Americans graduate since most of their time is spent playing football and basketball leaving no time to study (Jackson, 2018).

Jackson is a huge sports fan and she is among the beneficiary of the American education system. According to her, institutions of higher learning have commercialized sports at the expense of the minority. Football and basketball players are a source of revenue for the school, which compromise their studies (Jackson, 2018). The author identified racism from a different angle from her study. The aim of these institutions is to use racism to generate millions of dollars income without caring about the future of black students. The institutions of higher learning should develop balanced football teams and basketball to ensure the players represent the population of different races. For example, the white students should be the majority if school teams since they outnumber the blacks. Fair representation of the races would improve the performance of the blacks. The abolishment of Jim Crow laws can promote equality in college sports.

Colleges can also enhance fairness by compensating African American sportsmen for their time spent in training and competitions (Jackson, 2018). However, compensation should not be a priority since the objective of institutions is to offer high-quality degrees to all students. It is ironical that the revenues collected from sports sponsor white students to earn a quality degree. In addition, whites have a privilege of playing and at the same time earn quality degrees (Jackson, 2018). According to Jackson, she spent less than 20 hours per week in sports activities. He coaches prioritized academics over sports. This shows that coaches intentionally involve the black students in sports compared to whites (Jackson, 2018). Therefore, it means college sports is one of the ways that modern day racism is practiced in the U.S. Coaches should be role models and offer similar advice to all students regardless of their race.

The desire to generate revenue has also affected the admission criteria in colleges. Institutions like UNC admit black men according to their ability to participate in sports. Therefore, black men assist the institution to make money rather than assist them to earn a degree (Kerr, 2018). Black men are required to provide information about the game they play during admission. Institutions of higher learning should be on the front row to fight racism and promote equality in leaning. Generating revenue from sports should not be given a higher than education. The role of colleges is to offer academic knowledge to the students. College sports are an extracurricular activity and should not be considered as some admission criteria.

Studies show that white people are more likely than African Americans to oppose the payment of college athletes. The major reason for opposing pay-for-play program is the negative racial perception of the whites (Jackson, 2018). Racism is one of the major factors why colleges decline to pay the black sportsmen. In addition, the whites oppose pay-for-play to the two games (football and basketball) dominated by black men. It is also unethical for the institutions to use the funds earned from black men to sponsor white students (Gatmen, 2011). Furthermore, the black sportsmen are a source of entertainment to the whites. The institutions take advantage of black students by involving them in college sports for many hours compared to their white counterparts. Therefore, the institutions of higher learnings economically exploit African American men students.

Conclusion

The U.S. colleges exploit male African American students for financial gains. Previous studies show that black communities culturally believe that sports can alleviate poverty. Therefore, most young black students are determined to succeed in sports than academics. The institutions of higher learning take advantage by encouraging black students to focus on sports than academics. The institutions should promote eliminate racism by encouraging African American students to pursue academics rather than commit all of their time in sports. In addition, colleges should focus on offering quality degrees to all students regardless of their race.

References

Gatmen, E. J. (2011). Academic Exploitation: The Adverse Impact of College Athletics on the Educational Success of Minority Student-Athletes. Seattle Journal of Social Justice, 10(1), 509-583.

Jackson, V. L. (2018). Take it from a Former Division I athlete: College Sports are like Jim Crow. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-jackson-college-sports-20180111-story.html

Kerr, E. (2018). The NCAA as Modern Jim Crow? A Sports Historian Explains Why She Drew the Parallel. The Chronicles of Higher Education. Retrieved from https://www.chronicle.com/article/The-NCAA-as-Modern-Jim-Crow-A/242240