(700 Word Min) Assignment 1: Herman Miller Case

Life Cycle Assessment

Every company leaves an environmental footprint by producing and delivering its products and services. The more pollution it creates, the larger its environmental footprint.

Imagine an extremely simple value chain for a pencil. From a pencil manufacturer’s perspective, there are only a limited number of component parts and materials: wood, graphite lead, glue, paint, metal ferrule, vinyl eraser, etc.

The raw materials come into the factory from one side and finished pencils go out the other side. As they leave the factory, the finished pencils are packaged, loaded on transportation vehicles, such as trucks, and shipped to distributors and customers around the world.

In the past, asking the pencil manufacturer to trace its environmental footprint was straightforward. The executive would cite environmental impacts that arose from factory operations—exhaust from the equipment on the factory floor, waste water emissions, volatile organic emissions from the paint shop, and scrap wood, metal, and graphite.

A more up-to-date and enlightened view of the environmental footprint of the pencil would extend the analysis beyond the strict boundaries of the factory floor. The extended analysis would certainly include the manufacturing process for the pencil, but the analysis would also include all of the upstream suppliers of the pencil’s raw materials—the wood, graphite, paint, glue, eraser, etc. It would also extend the analysis downstream to all customer usage and ultimate disposal. In this broader view, what happens outside the boundaries of the factory are just as important from an environmental perspective as what happens behind the factory gate.

To gain a full understanding of the pencil’s real environmental footprint, we must ask questions about the operations of all of its suppliers. Where does the wood come from, and is it harvested in a sustainable manner? Where does the paint come from, and does it include toxic materials, and does it produce harmful air emissions? What about the metal used to make the ferrule and the vinyl used to make the eraser? We must also ask questions about the transportation and distribution network, and what happens to the pencil when it is no longer used. The total footprint now reflects the pencil’s complete life cycle: from raw materials to manufacture to use and, finally, to disposal.

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a “cradle-to-grave” approach for assessing the environmental performance of products and companies. It is an important tool for understanding the broad and cumulative impact of products that we purchase. All stages of a product’s life are evaluated since they are interdependent—no one stage is more or less important than the other stages. LCA is also an important tool for highlighting the environmental pressure points and for finding ways to minimize the harm. By pinpointing these pressure points, a good LCA can help focus a company’s resources on reducing its environmental footprint.

A good LCA provides many benefits. The LCA can help decision makers select the product or process that results in the least harm to the environment. This information can be used in conjunction with other factors, like cost and performance data, to select a product or process. For example, suppose Walmart is choosing between two rival products: Option 1 is a line of traditional cotton textile products, while Option 2 used only organic cotton. By performing an LCA of the cotton textile supply chain, Walmart learned that conventional cotton crops consumed more than 25% of all chemical insecticides and more than 10% of chemical pesticides in agriculture.3 Furthermore, many of these chemicals were suspected carcinogens and after application on the cotton crop, these chemicals were dispersed into the soil, water, and air. Walmart’s use of an LCA has “saved time and money, and reduced the environmental impacts associated with this business segment.” 4

Besides choosing less harmful materials in a company’s production process, another benefit of a good LCA is that it can identify ways to improve resource productivity—for example, energy usage, water consumption, and the amount of waste generated. Some well-publicized examples of this approach among major corporations include:

  • Dow Chemical’s program Waste Reduction Always Pays (WRAP), which was designed to stimulate a cultural shift in thinking of Dow employees concerning the value of reducing waste releases and emissions.
  • 3M’s program Pollution Prevention Pays (3P), which is based on the concept that pollution prevention is more environmentally effective, technically sound and economical than conventional pollution control strategies.
  • Frito-Lay’s “near net zero” factory in Arizona that took a production facility “off the grid,” running primarily on renewable energy sources and recycled water, while producing nearly zero landfill waste.
  • Subaru’s zero landfill plant in Indiana which became the first automotive assembly facility in North America that recycles or reuses all waste and sends minimal amounts to the landfill.

In many ways, eco-efficiency represents “low-hanging fruit” for a company. Companies are improving their environmental performance and typically reducing their costs at the same time. Retro-fitting plants, installing energy saving devices, installing centralized controls for heating, lighting, and cooling systems can have a high return on investment and pay back periods of months.

Cradle to Cradle Design

Despite the progress that companies have made to improve their environmental performance using tools like life cycle analysis and eco-efficiency, the system is far from perfect. Our society faces too many resource constraints and places too many burdens on our environment.

The architect William McDonough and others have argued that we need to look at environmental issues in a totally new way. Rather than using a “cradle-to-grave” model, McDonough proposes that companies should redesign their products and services to completely close the loop. He succinctly calls this cradle-to-cradle design, often designated as C2C. In 2002, he published a book with Michael Braungart entitled, Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, in which he provides guidelines for how companies can achieve this goal. At the end of a product’s life, rather than disposing of the product in a landfill, the product should be designed so that it can be broken down into biological nutrients that can be safely disposed of, or that’s technological components can be re-used in other parts of our industrial system.

To be more precise, in the C2C model, products should be composed of two primary materials: technical nutrients and biological nutrients. Technical nutrients are inorganic or synthetic materials—such as plastics and metals—that can be used and re-used many times without any loss in quality. They are limited to non-toxic, non-harmful materials that have no adverse effect on the environment. Biological nutrients are organic materials that can decompose into the natural environment like leaves in the forest. The natural decomposition provides food for bacteria and small life forms without affecting the natural environment. Thus, in the C2C model, waste = food.

Many experts have questioned the practicality of the C2C model. Despite the difficulties in implementation, the C2C model provides a starting point for many new product innovations. Two companies that have applied the C2C principles are Herman Miller with the Mirra chair and Ford Motor Company when they renovated the 1,200 acre River Rouge assembly plant.

3Walmart’s Sustainability Strategy, Stanford Graduate School of Business, Case OIT-71, p.18

4Op. cit., p.21


  • Cradle to Cradle Design at Herman Miller (Case No. 9-607-003)



Assignment 1: Herman Miller Case

Read and prepare the Herman Miller case according to the questions below. Submit your assignment in question/answer format.

    • Do you think Herman Miller should use PVC or TPU in the Mirra Chair arm pad? Why is the PVC vs. TPU decision so difficult for the company to resolve?
    • What are the elements of C2C? How does C2C differ from traditional business approaches to environmental issues?
    • What process and organizational changes did Herman Miller make to implement C2C? What resources were required?

Succession Planning Procedure, management homework help

Succession Planning Procedure

In a minimum of 500 words, document a succession plan for an employee (e.g., IT Developer, Maintenance Crew, Training Specialist, CEO) of your chosen firm. What concepts are crucial when recruiting team members? Be sure to address the following questions in your response:

1. What are the critical knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) of that position?

2. Will you select, train, or both for these KSAs?

3. How will you ensure your selected successor does not leave the firm?

4. What succession planning process will you use?

Follow the steps above in chronological order. Any sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations in APA format

Chapter 4: Designing Productive and Satisfying Work

Stewart, G. L., & Brown, K. G. (2015). Human resource management: Linking strategy to practice (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.


Help with a paper that includes references. Do not bid if you do not understand or cannot meet deadline for the assignment. I have included links to both company #1 and Company #2

Write a memo to management requesting their input and suggestions regarding the upcoming short seminars planned by Company A. Include the following topics to emphasize 100% attendance of the company staff plus a high success rate:

BMGT 485 6381 Leadership for the 21st Century, assignment help

From our first discussion question you discussed how innovation will impact the future of your industry. Discuss how you would motivate and inspire your team. Also, discuss what you will have to change with your leadership approach to be open and flexible to new ideas.Please reference all work in APA format

INFORMATION SECURITY MANAGEMENT PLAN, business and finance assignment help

The paper will be 3.5- 4 pages Each paper must be typewritten with 12-point font and double-spaced with standard margins. Follow APA format

For this assignment you are encourage generating a Security Plan and implemented in a Health Care Facility of your choosing.

Work with your EHR vendor(s) to let them know that protecting patient health information and meeting your HIPAA privacy and security responsibilities regarding electronic health information in your EHR is one of your major goals. Involve your practice staff and any other partners that you have to help streamline this process.


This Information Security Management Plan (ISMP) describes the ACE’s safeguards to protect confidential data and information.


The Information Security core policy concepts are maintained in the Privacy, Confidentiality and Security of Patient Proprietary Information Policy and the Computer Use and Electronic Information Security Policy. These policies are reviewed every 2 years.


Access to confidential information must follow the “need to know” guideline. Only those employees who have a business need to know the information shall have permission to utilize the data. Each employee is assigned a user name and password. Each employee is trained on developing a secure password. Passwords must be changed according to Password Security Policy.


The ACE has established policies and procedures which clearly define where data can be stored and how the data stored on media is to be protected. The ACE highly discourages storage of data on any medium except for storage on network drives within the secured data center. However, in the case where data cannot be stored in the data center it must be stored on an encrypted medium.


The ACE has multiple data centers.

Evaluation will be based on how clearly you respond to the above, in particular:

a) The precision with which you analyses the articles;

b) The complexity, possibility, and organization of your paper; and,

c) Your conclusions, including a description of the impact of these articles and Chapters on any Health Care Setting.




executive summary defining the new division of existing business, writing homework help

Write a 350-word executive summary defining the new division of existing business. Share your Vision, Mission, final business model, and value proposition, and list your key assumptions, risks, and change management issues. Quantify the growth and profit opportunity and planned impact on various stakeholders.

Note: Any investor should be eager to meet with you after reading your executive summary.

Attached is the Strategic Business Model plan to read to make the executive summary.

Forming an S Corporation

Amy, Bob, and Carol want to discuss forming an S corporation instead of a partnership to operate a marina in Florida. They wish to have equal ownership in the business entity. Amy can contribute $400,000, and she is a boat mechanic. Bob has management expertise in running a marina, and he has five acres on the Intracoastal Waterway that he can contribute. Carol has experience running an office, and she has $300,000 in cash and office furniture and equipment worth $50,000. The three partners in this endeavor are interested in providing health insurance, life insurance, and dental insurance for each owner.

In your report, explain whether there are any tax advantages of having the business provide employee benefits for owners as well as other employees. What are some options that should be considered to fairly compensate each of the owners for what they are contributing and for the work they will do running the business?

Complete Background of Any Organization Who Delivers A Good in the US, homework help

Choose an organization delivering goods and/or services globally. Provide a background of the organization and fully describe six components of the organization’s supply chain.

Six components may include:


Performance Measures

Customer Order Cycle

Planning, Controlling, and Improving the Supply Chain

Total Productive Maintenance

Continuous Improvement

Focused factory – Just in Time (JIT Tools)

Partnering with Suppliers

Quality Management

Materials Management

Purchasing and distribution

Information Technology

Examine potential problems and explain the approaches of the organization for solving the problems.

Your complete paper should be a minimum up 2 ½ pages in APA format. Use the APA format for margins, spacing, references etc.

Develop a 1,050-word analysis designing the action plan for you, as a leader, to address the organiz

Purpose of Assignment

The purpose of this assignment is to provide an opportunity for the student to integrate and apply the individual and organizational leadership learning from this course by developing a plan for organizational change.

Assignment Steps

Review course assignments for Weeks 1-5, including the results of the Mastering Leadership Self-Assessment taken in Week 1.

Select an organizational change in your company or a company you know well.

Develop a 1,050-word analysis designing the action plan for you, as a leader, to address the organizational change.

Include the following, in any sequence you choose:

  • Identify the organizational change process steps you would take and prioritize the order in which you would take them.
  • Include both individual and organizational leadership actions.
  • Scholarly citations must be given to support your rationale and proposed actions.

Format your assignment consistent with APA guidelines.

Ethical Reactions in Law Enforcement



Competencies Addressed in This Assignment

  • Competency 1: Dissect criminal justice ethical issues and practices.
  • Competency 2: Apply human rights standards.
  • Competency 5: Communicate effectively in writing.


In this unit, you have explored some of the ways that police use authority, power, persuasion, and force. All of those rights are reflected in the need for police to act in their capacity of law enforcement officers to fight crime. Those rights are acknowledged to be appropriate when needed to take a suspect of a crime into custody. Lately, however, the headlines have been full of situations in which police are being viewed as having exceeded their rights. Police forces, local governments, and even society as a whole are now faced with deciding when force is excessive and whether certain actions are unethical, racist, and even illegal.


For this assignment, review the Ethical Reactions in Law Enforcement media. Explain what you would do as a criminal justice professional in this situation.

In your paper:

  • Explore the ethical issues associated with shooting at the driver.
  • Analyze the ethical ramifications of shooting at the driver’s tires.
  • Evaluate the ethical impact of waiting to see what happens and dealing with the aftermath.


Your paper should meet the following requirements:

  • Written communication: Must be free of errors that detract from the overall message.
  • References: Support your ideas and opinions with appropriate resources.
  • APA formatting: Format resources and citations as per current APA style and formatting guidelines.
  • Length of paper: Three pages, not including the title page and the references page.
  • Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.